Al-Falaq & Naas
They seek protection from five things, all of which are unseen to the human being:
1 The evil that may result from anything in creation
2 The dark night
3 Black Magic
4 Envy (hasad)
5 The whispers of shaytan
Cause of Revelation
Black magic being done on the Prophet peace be upon him by Labid b. A’sam. The Prophet peace be upon him did not prosecute him. The reason for this was not just mercy, but that his guilt was determined through a dream from angels. If the Prophet peace be upon him had acted upon this, it would set the precedent that unseen sources from a trustworthy person, such as dreams, could be the basis of finding a giulty verdict, and this could lead to many abuses down the road. This was thi
How can one say magic can be done on a prophet?
Black magic is not a spiritual affect; it is a physical force. Prophets are not immune from physical affects such as sickness, being injured in wars, or even being killed, as many prophets were killed.
It negates five things from Allah:
1 Consisting of parts (ahad)
2 Having a need (samad)
3 Having an end (lam yalid)
4 Having a beginning (lam yulad)
5 Having any similarity to His creation (lam yakun lahu kufu’an ahad)
Disclaiming or rejecting certain attributes from Allah is known as tanzih, and is as important as affirming His true qualities.
“Negation precedes affirmation.” The shahada negates false gods before affirming the true god. Regarding the Divine attributes, it is obligatory to negate false attributes before affirming the true ones. This is what Surat al-Ikhlas does. Having any physicaity, existing in time or space, or being subjected to cause and effect are all negated in these verses.
Cause of Revelation
It was either the Jews or the Pagans of Makka who asked the Prophet peace be upon him to give the lineage of his Lord.
Whoever recites Surat al-Ikhlas ten times will recieve a palace in Paradise (Musnad Ahmad). It is a common practice among the scholars to ‘gift’ this palace to someone deceased. This is called hibbat al-thawab, gifting your reward, and is agreed upon as valid in all four schools. One does this by simply intending it and saying, “This is for so-and-so,” or “I intend the reward of this action for so-and-so.” They must be deceased because one can only gift reward to a Muslim, and the living have not yet died as Muslims. In Sahih Bukhari, a man named Sa’d said to the Prophet peace be upon him: “My mother used to give charity and get the reward of that, but she has now died.” The Prophet peace be upon him replied, “You can give the charity on her behalf.” So he gave away food and said, “This is for the mother of Sa’d.”